The drum rudiments are the building blocks of every beat, fill and rhythmic pattern. They are essential study for everyone who is serious about drumming and this section will show you how they should sound and how to apply them musically.

We practice drum rudiments to develop control, technique, speed, and endurance but the rudiments also give us a framework for developing vocabulary, creativity and musicality at the drum set.

Think of the drum rudiments as words with which we can construct interesting phrases and stories on our instrument.

The 40 Essential Drum Rudiments

Below is a quick list of the 40 essential drum rudiments. Learn the names then navigate below for notation and audio samples of each rudiment.

Single Stroke Rudiments

  • Single Stroke Roll
  • Single Stroke Four
  • Single Stroke Seven

Drum Roll Rudiments

  • Multiple Bounce Roll
  • Double Stroke Roll
  • Triple Stroke Roll
  • Five Stroke Roll
  • Six Stroke Roll
  • Seven Stroke Roll
  • Nine Stroke Roll
  • Ten Stroke Roll
  • Eleven Stroke Roll
  • Thirteen Stroke Roll
  • Fifteen Stroke Roll
  • Seventeen Stroke Roll

Flam-Based Rudiments

  • Flam
  • Flam Tap
  • Flam Accent
  • Flamacue
  • Flam Paradiddle
  • Single Flammed Mill
  • Flam Paradiddle-diddle
  • Swiss Army Triplet
  • Inverted Flam Tap
  • Flam Drag
  • Pataflafla
  • Paradiddle Rudiments
  • Single Paradiddle
  • Double Paradiddle
  • Triple Paradiddle
  • Single Paradiddle-diddle

Drag-Based Rudiments

  • Drag Ruff
  • Single Drag Tap
  • Double Drag Tap
  • Lesson 25
  • Single Dragadiddle
  • Dragadiddle #1
  • Dragadiddle #2
  • Single Ratamacue
  • Double Ratamacue
  • Triple Ratamacue

Audio Samples

Soon we'll be adding notation and audio samples of each of the drum rudiments. We’ll let you know when they are ready.

Practice Tips

Practice each rudiment:

  1. Open (slow) to closed (fast) to open (slow).
  2. With a metronome.
  3. At a variety of individual tempos and volumes to improve your time and stick control.
  4. As relaxed as possible. Let the rebound do the work.
  5. With a mirror for visual feedback. Adjust your technique accordingly.